All you need to know about Pleurisy!


Pleurisy is a lung disease that causes inflammation in the outer layer of the lungs. As it usually dissolves on its own, it is difficult to gauge the commonality of the disease.

What is Pleurisy?

The pleura is the outermost tissue layer of the lungs that acts as a partition between your chest cavity and lungs. It also separates the lungs leaving a space in between known as the pleural space. This space is filled with liquid which allows the lungs to rub against each other smoothly. Pleurisy occurs when there is inflammation in the pleura, and it causes friction when the lungs rub against each other. Sharp and piercing pain when you laugh, breathe, sneeze, or cough is a sign of pleurisy. This searing pain needs a checkup from the Best Pulmonologist in Lahore for treatment.

What causes Pleurisy?

Pleurisy can occur due to several reasons, the most common one being a viral infection. When such infections reach the lungs, they can cause pleurisy. Mostly, pleurisy is a complication of another disease. Pleurisy can be caused by:

  • Infections (Viral, Bacterial, or Fungal)
  • Autoimmune diseases such as lupus
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Rib fracture
  • Genetic diseases
  • Lung cancer
  • Interactions with certain medications

What are the symptoms of pleurisy?

The main symptom of pleurisy is a stabbing pain in the chest, which worsens when you cough or inhale deeply. The pain can also extend to the shoulders and back – depending on the severity of the disease. The symptoms that may accompany pain in pleurisy are:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Feeling tired

How do you treat pleurisy?

Your doctor may treat pleurisy by tackling the underlying condition causing it. When pleurisy is due to a viral infection, it is usually mild and can dissolve in a week or two. Though if pleurisy is occurring due to a bacterial infection, the Best Pulmonologist in Karachi may prescribe you antibiotics to treat the illness.

Pleurisy can also lead to pleural effusion that causes fluid build-up in the lungs. If you have pleural effusion, a doctor will put a tube in the chest to remove the excess fluid. Other complications of pleurisy include atelectasis (lung collapse) or empyema (infection in the fluid build-up).

Pleurisy is also easily manageable at home if the cause is a viral infection. It dissolves on its own once the infection settles down. You can take over-the-counter pain medications to relieve the symptoms of pleurisy. Laying down in certain positions can also ease the pain.

Can you prevent pleurisy?

Living a healthy lifestyle can help prevent many diseases, including pleurisy. Apart from that, early diagnosis of the underlying health issue causing the disease can prevent pleurisy.

Is pleurisy life-threatening?

Pleurisy is not life-threatening in most cases, but it can become one if it remains untreated. Generally, prompt treatment of pleurisy can help patients recover completely. A course of antibiotics and NSAIDS can help you feel better within a week.


Pleurisy is a disease that happens due to the inflammation of the thin layer of tissue that wraps the lung. Searing chest pain is the most obvious symptom of pleurisy. If you’re having chest pain, do not ignore it. Aside from pleurisy, it is also a usual sign of a heart attack. The route to treating pleurisy is identifying and curing the disease that is the culprit behind it. You can also manage this disease at home if it is mild. Pleurisy is treatable, but it can lead to complications which can be a more serious issue

Md Jahangir
the authorMd Jahangir