Technology

How LoRa Helps in Wireless Data Reading?

In the modern world, IoT is affecting our lives in different ways. A wide area network is required to connect different technologies to the cloud. Nowadays, devices are smart, remote, and battery-operated, and they need low-speed and infrequent communication. But the good news is that LoRa technology is a perfect solution for all these devices and applications. Moreover, it can help in wireless data reading as well. So, without any further ado, let’s dive into this topic.

Different Types of Wireless Data Transforming Technologies

As technology is evolving, wireless technologies are changing our lives. Here we’ll briefly explain some types of wireless data-transforming technologies.

Cellular Network

A cellular network is a technology for wireless networking, personal communication, and mobile phones. It transmits data by using more transmitters and low power. It’s effective for long-range data transmission.

Local Area Network (Wi-Fi)

In this wireless communication model, radio waves provide high-speed internet access to devices. More importantly, LAN ensures wireless communication between connected devices.

Narrow Band IoT (NB-IoT)

NB-IoT uses LPWAN technology, and the main purpose of developing this technology was to ensure wireless communication. It provides more coverage than cellular networks. More importantly, it reduces the power consumption of devices that are connected to it.

Cat M1

Cat M1 is also called LTE-M, and like NB-IoT, it’s a low-power wide area network. This wireless technology was developed for IoT projects.

Personal Area Network (Bluetooth)

Bluetooth is another wireless technology that allows you to create an Ethernet network between mobile phones, mobile computers, and other handheld devices. Bluetooth technology is used in various devices such as printers, keyboards, smartwatches, and audio headsets.

Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN)

It’s a wide area network technology that interconnects battery-powered and low bandwidth devices. LPWAN wireless technology has many applications, such as energy management, smart cities, smart lighting, livestock monitoring, and many more.

What Is LoRa and How Can It Help in Wireless Reading?

LoRa is a long-range, low-power wireless platform. This technology can be used in smart IoT applications to solve our planet’s challenges. It has various applications in our daily lives, and we’ll discuss them later in the article. So, we can say that LoRa technology is a perfect option where range distance and low power consumption are important. In some areas, it’s not possible to reach out physically to get reading. In such areas, technologies like LoRa can help. It’s a wireless technology and can help you take data reading with ease.

Differences between LoRa and Other Wireless Technologies

LoRa is a long-range wireless protocol that consumes only a small amount of power and covers a long distance. Moreover, when compared to other technologies, it possesses a lower bandwidth. Moreover, LoRa is less expensive and more dynamic than other wireless technologies. Wi-Fi offers high bandwidth, which makes it ideal for video and voice transmission. But it’s limited to short ranges and can’t be used widely in industrial applications. Moreover, 4G and 5G don’t have range restrictions, but they consume lots of power. 5G can transfer data at a faster rate with a little hassle. But setting up this infrastructure requires lots of initial investment. But LoRa is a go-to option for IoT devices. Another wireless technology is Bluetooth. No doubt it consumes less power than LTE and Wi-Fi, but still, it consumes more power than LoRa. Moreover, it covers a short range which makes it ideal for close proximity. In simple words, we can also say that cellular technologies are limited to mission-critical outdoor applications. Let’s summarize the differences in a table.
LoRa Wi-Fi 4G and 5G
Bandwidth Lower Bandwidth High Bandwidth High Bandwidth
Range Long Range Distance Small Distance Small Distance
Power Consumption Low High High

Advantages of LoRa Over Other Wireless Technologies 

  • LoRa is a perfect technology for battery-powered devices, and it provides long-range coverage than other wireless networks.
  • LoRa is equally effective for both indoor and outdoor applications, but it’s not the case with other wireless technologies.
  • It provides strong protection against interference.
  • Other wireless technologies consume more power, but LoRa is a low-power solution.
  • LoRa is a good option for low-cost data transmission.
  • LoRa provides unlicensed bandwidth.
  • Finally, it’s capable of transmitting data through heavy walls and dens centers.

Limitations of Using LoRa Technology

No doubt, it’s an excellent wireless technology and offers lots of advantages over other technologies. But it has some limitations as well.
  • It has a low data transfer rate.
  • Using LoRaWAN, you can’t browse the Web.
  • You can’t stream CCTV while using LoRaWAN.
  • It can only send and receive up to 242 bytes of data at a time.
But it’s still an excellent option for cases where sensors send data to web apps. For example, as we mentioned in our blog post that LoRa could help track pet positions.

Applications and Challenges of LoRa

It is a perfect wireless technology for situations where data transmission needs aren’t high, and data is transmitted only a few times a day. Some applications of LoRa are

Smart Homes and Cities

You can use it for smart street lighting, light detection, parking management, GPS tracking, and access controls.

Metering and Utilities 

Another widely used application of LoRa is water and energy metering. Moreover, in electrical grids, it can help improve reliability and service quality.

Industries and Automation 

In industries, it can be used to sense many environmental factors such as temperature and control air quality.

Agriculture 

You can use it in agriculture for cattle health and check soil humidity.

Medical and Healthcare

It monitors high-risk patients and dementia patient locations.

High secure LoRaWAN network structure

An important challenge in wireless data transmission is secure communication. monitors data remotely, so sometimes, security breaches can happen. but LoRa provides devices with unique IDs, highly secure applications, and networks by embedded end-to-end encryption.

Conclusion 

So, LoRa is a useful technology for data reading applications that transmit only small data packets. More importantly, the power consumption of such devices is low, and applications require only a low number of connections. So, if you need any help with LoRa technology or its application, you can contact Arshon Technology because Arshon has been using it for a long time. Author: Sherry Mosleh IoT Development Engineer at Arshon Technology Inc.