If you learn to memorize a lot of information quickly and without problems, you will save time and effort. It’s not difficult at all – we use our potential only partially, but with proper training and knowledge of the methods that work, you can easily expand the boundaries of memory – it will be many times easier to absorb the material.
But first, let’s deal with the concept of information.
Information: what is it and how do we perceive it?
Information is translated from Latin as “clarification” or “familiarization”. We call ‘information’ everything that our brain receives: both useful new facts and “white noise”. It can be presented in different forms:
- Graphic information. Drawings, schematic sketches, sketches, and so on. All of this is easiest for the brain to assimilate. For example, it is much easier to process 300 characters of text in 10 seconds if they are presented in graphic form. During work, the brain is constantly tense and it is difficult for it to retain information. And visualization gives the same amount of information without overloading the brain. For me, this method was especially useful when I needed to do my history homework.
- Sound information. Speech, lectures, audio recordings. Not the fastest and most effective way to absorb large amounts of theory. We are not able to memorize large texts by ear, especially if they have no emotional connotations. The words from a song are easier for us to remember than a cooking recipe. Therefore, such information is more suitable as an auxiliary.
- Textual information. Letters and other symbols with which you can get a word. Perhaps this is the most understandable way for us to learn something new. We read and reread and cram, repeat what we’ve learned, and learn new things through books and notes.
When you understand in what form you can present information and how your brain perceives it, it is much easier to choose the most convenient and easy ways to absorb it.
As we said before, the easiest and most effective way to absorb material is to put it into a visual plane of perception. Surprisingly enough, the brain perceives text as a set of images, so when you read that sentence, your brain does a great job of turning letter symbols into units of meaning.
In general, the more in lectures and textbooks charts, graphs, and drawings, the better the information will be absorbed in your head by building associations with the text.
There are a lot of video and audio lectures on different topics now – for a reason.
Try dictating a lecture or textbook paragraph on a tape recorder, and then listen to it several times and retell it aloud. Remember the places where you made a mistake and forgot the material, and the next time you listen to it, focus your attention on them.
Another effective way is to try to tell the information to someone else. We are very good at remembering information when we teach others. When we need to pass on our knowledge, our brains work more efficiently: they are better at highlighting what is important, carefully organizing the information we have received, and making connections between facts. So, if you just learned some material, try to retell it to someone – so the information is better organized in the mind, the main points are better preserved and in general, it is better absorbed.
Use the smart tricks
These ways of memorizing and assimilating information are not related to each other, they are not similar, but very useful. So.
Read fluently first, then thoughtfully
Take an unfamiliar text and read it fluently, like a speed-reading test. Then try to reproduce the information and convey the meaning of what you have read. The second time, read slowly and thoughtfully, trying to absorb, learn the meaning of unfamiliar words. Retell the text again.
When you read the text quickly, the mind perceives it as an emergency and mobilizes. The second time, the brain perceives the material as already familiar, and the information is absorbed better.
That is, it is important to understand the subject. If you try to memorize a ticket for a subject you don’t understand, all you have to do is memorize it by heart. It’s much easier to try to understand the meanings of terms, decipher abbreviations, and understand the meaning. Comprehensible information is learned much faster than a meaningless set of words, numbers, and signs.
Write out your thesis statement.
When studying lectures, try to outline – write out short thoughts that will be easier to remember. Over time, your brain will form associative links between these abstracts and larger parts of the text. From the abstracts, your brain will be able to assemble the material like a constructor.
Information sequencing works better because it is based on the human brain’s ability to recognize images and find differences between them. When learning new information, this principle helps you notice new information and compare it to existing data.
For example, if you learn a chapter of a history textbook now and then part of a physics outline, both pieces of information will be better remembered.
For example, write out formulas and place them in a prominent place. Every time you look at such a cheat sheet, the information is stored in your memory. Carry the cheat sheets with you, in your bag or pocket. Repeat it every chance you get. If you forget something, just look it up in your notes.
But these are all tricks. No method will make your brain remember and absorb the material if it is tired. Take breaks – watch a movie or take a walk down the street. Just half an hour, and you’ll be storming through science with renewed vigor!